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GOVERNMENT of ANDHRA PRADESH
FINANCE DEPARTMENT
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ECONOMIC SURVEY 1983-84

 

Economic Survey 1983-84

The economic situation in the State during 1983-84 commenced against a slight set back in agricultural sector during 1982-83. The State Income of Andhra Pradesh at constant (1970-71) prices during 1982-83 registered a marginal increase of 0.4 per cent over the previous year against a rise of 13.0 per cent in 1981-82 over 1980-81. During 1982-83, the State produced 111.77 lakh tonnes of foodgrains against 114.17 lakh tonnes in 1981-82. The decline was due to unfavourable seasonal conditions. Despite increase in power generation, the average index number of industrial production in the State adjusted for seasonality recorded a marginal decline consequent on the fall in production in most of the selected industries due partly to the labour unrest. The index number of wholesale prices of agricultural commodities as well as the consumer price indices in the State witnessed increases but the increase in consumer price indices was comparatively far less than the increase at All India level.

State Income

The State Income of Andhra Pradesh was estimated at Rs.8,817.01 crores at current prices for the year 1982-83. It was higher by 5.8 per cent than Rs.8,335.55 crores of the previous year i.e., 1981-82. The percapita State Income at current prices stood at Rs.1590 in 1982-83 compared to Rs.1536 in 1981-82, registering an increase of 3.5 per-cent over the latter year. In absolute terms, the State Income at current prices in 1982-83 showed an increase of about Rs.481 crores over 1981-82. The share of primary sector in the State Income at current prices was of the order of Rs.4560.53 crores, that of secondary sector Rs.1562.60 crores and that of tertiary sector Rs.2993.88 crores.

The State Income at constant (1970-71) prices, stood at Rs.3911.83 crores in 1982-83 which was higher than that (Rs.3896.00 crores) in 1981-82 by only 0.4 percent. This growth rate was lower compared with 13.0 per cent achieved in 1981-82 over 1980-81, due to the decline in the production of primary sector during 1982-83. Consequently the per-capita State income at constant prices resulted in a decline in 1982-83 which stood at Rs.706 against Rs.718 in the earlier year i.e., 1981-82.

Agriculture

The State has achieved significant break through in the field of agricultural production. Since 1973-74. This was possible due to the improvements in the agricultural technology in the State. The overall emphasis has been on increasing production and productivity of agriculture in general and that of food grains in particular. The maximum production of 114.17 lakh tonnes was achieved during 1981-82 which was largely due to the result of dissemination of the new agricultural technology. However, during 1982-83, when drought conditions prevailed in many parts of Telengana and Rayalaseema , the foodgrains production was at 111.77 lakh tonnes, second only to the record level of 1981-82. Even the commercial crops such as Sugarcane, Groundnut and Cotton suffered a decline in production during 1982-83.

During the current agricultural year 1983-84, the South West Monsoon was delayed by about a fortnight and there were no regular monsoon rains upto 23rd June, 1983. Under the influence of a deep depression in the Bay of Bengal which lay centred about 200 K.M., east of Kalingapatnam, there were widespread rains from 24th to 26th June, 1983 in North Coastal Andhra and North Telengana regions and moderate rainfall was recorded in the remaining districts except Cuddapah, Rangareddy, Hyderabad, Nizamabad, Medak and Mahbubnagar districts. In June, 1983, the State as a whole received an average rainfall of 117 m.ms. against a normal of 107m.ms, i.e., an excess of 9 percent. During July, 1983, though the monsoon was not active upto 10th, it revived and caused good rains all over the State excepting Anantapur district especially in the last week of the month. During the August, 1983, the monsoon was vigorous in all the three regions of the State. There were have to very heavy rains in Godavari basin, viz., East Godavari, West Godavari, Nizamabad, Warangal, Khammam, Karimnagar and Adilabad districts. Due to heavy rains, there were floods to the Godavari River and streams and rivulets in these districts causing adverse affects on human and cattle life and property. The standing Kharif paddy crop in parts of East Godavari and West Godavari districts were submerged and dry crops in parts of Nizamabad, Karimnagar and Adilabad districts were also adversely affected. During the September 1983, the State received copious rains, the average rainfall being 276 m.ms which was in excess by 64 per cent over the normal of 168 m.ms.

During South-West Monsoon period of June to September, 1983, the State received an average rainfall of 901 m.ms. against a normal of 602 m.ms. or an excess by 50 per cent. The rainfall was in excess by 45 per cent in Coastal Andhra, 55 per cent in Rayalaseema and 52 per cent in Telengana. All the districts in the State received excess rainfall which ranged from 5 per cent in Srikakulam district to 100 per cent in Prakasam district over their respective normals.

On 3rd October, 1983 a severe cyclone crossed the Coast at Visakhapatnam and moved slowly over to Bhadrachalam and them to Nizamabad. It was stationary over Visakhapatnam, Bhadrachalam and Nizamabad for several hours. Due to its slow movement, the cyclone picked up terrific volume of rain-bearing clouds and the precipitation all along its course was very heavy ranging upto 300 m.ms. in a span of 24 to 48 hours. Such a copious rainfall within a short time caused floods in all rivulets. The rainfall and floods caused floods in all rivulets. The rainfall and floods caused enormous damage to the standing crops, roads and railways, irrigation sources, drainage systems and other public and private property in 18 out of 23 districts.

During the month of October, 1983, the rainfall received by the State as a whole was 185 m.ms. which was more than the normal rainfall by 53 per cent. Normally during the month of November, all the districts of Coastal Andhra region and Cuddapah and Chittoor districts of Rayalaseema region receive moderate rains while the remaining districts receive little rainfall. This year rains have, however, failed during November but the failure in general, did not lead to any adverse affect in view of earlier good rains. During this month, rainfall received by the State as a whole was 16 m.ms. which was less than the normal rainfall by 76 per cent. The rainfall received normally during the month of December is insignificant in all the districts of the State excepting Prakasam, Cuddapah, Chittoor and Nellore. But this year Chittoor and Nellore districts have received heavy rains in December due to the depression in the Bay of Bengal. The rainfall received by Cuddapah district was more or less normal while the rainfall received by all other districts was insignificant.

The total rainfall received by the State during the period of North-East Monsoon i.e., October to December, 1983 was 224 m.ms. which was more than the normal by 11 per cent. Regionwise, the rainfall received during this period was 282 m.ms., in Coastal Andhra 161 m.ms. in Rayalaseema and 198 m.ms. in Telengana, the deficit being 11 per cent in Coast Andhra and 24 per cent in Rayalaseema and excess being 108 per cent in Telengana.

The heavy rains of August and the cyclonic storm of October, 1983 affected crop yields in East Godavari, West Godavari and all district of Telengana other than Rangareddy and Nalgonda. In all these districts, the yields of most of the crops covered by crop cutting experiments declined over the previous Kharif season.

Though crop yields suffered in a number of districts, the outlook for production is bright due to an increase in area under several crops and due to increase in yields in the districts not affected by the cyclone. It is expected that the production of Rice will increase over the last year by about 2.5 lakh tonnes offsetting the decline in output of Jowar and Maize and that the output of other millets will be at the same level as last year.

Industrial Production

Industrially Andhra Pradesh is one of the developing States in the country. According to the latest data on levels of industrial development published by the Centre for Monitoring Indian Economy, the per-capita value added by manufacture covering the factory sector in Andhra Pradesh worked out to be Rs.109 as against Rs.167 for All India during 1979-80.

As regard industrial production, 18 industries from out of 43 selected industries, recorded an increase in production during the period January to November, 1983 as compared to the corresponding period of previous year. A sizeable increase in the out put was evident in the case of Motor Vehicles (Body Building) (47.8 per cent) followed by the industry manufacturing M.S. Rounds, Bars, Flats etc. (37.2 per cent), Heavy Electricals (25.3 per cent), Detonators (21.9 per cent) and Electronic Equipment (19.0 percent). It varied between 3.0 to 15.8 per cent in respect of House Service Meters, Refrigerators, Generation of Electricity, Oxygen, Ferro Alloys, Sugar, Wines and Rectified Spirits and Cotton Yarn. The rise in output was marginal in the case of conventional coffee packed, Vanaspathi, Instant Coffee packed, Cement and Electrical Cables. On the other hand, 25 industries revealed a fall in production. Highest declined was noticed in respect of Bakery (77.5 per cent ) followed by Glass (49.0 per cent), Motor Cycles (48.4 per cent), Rayon Yarn (25.0 per cent) and Machine Tools (24.5 per cent). The decline ranged between 3.5 to 20.2 per cent in the case of Acetic Acid, Ball and Roller Bearings, Water Coolers, Forgings, Asbestos Cement, Jute, Paper, Rayon Fabrics, Cigarettes, Transformers, Tea packed, Petroleum products, Drugs and Pharmaceuticals, Chemical Fertilizers and Diesel Engines. It was marginal in the case of D/Acetylene, Cotton Fabrics, Coal, Dry Cells/Dry Battery cells and Tanning.

Index Numbers of Industrial Production

The average index of industrial production in the State during January to November, 1983 with base 1970-100 adjusted for seasonality stood at 235.5 as against 239.2 during the corresponding period of previous year. During the period under review, out of 17 industry groups, 6 industry groups indicated increase in indices. Highest increase in index was observed in the case of Metal products except Machinery and Transport equipment (16.7 per cent) followed by Misc. group (15.8 per cent), Basic Metal products (13.3 per cent ) Generation of electricity (11.8 per cent), Beverages (3.1 per cent) and Leather and Leather products (1.8 per cent) . On the other hand, fall in indices was evident in the case of the remaining 11 industry groups viz.; Machinery except Electrical Machinery (200.00 per cent) followed by Transport Equipment (13.2 per cent), Chemical and Chemical Products (11.7 per cent), paper and paper products (10.8 per cent), Tobacco and Tobacco Products (8.4 per cent), Petroleum and Petroleum Products (6.5 per cent), Food (5.6 per cent), Textiles (4.1 per cent), Electrical Machinery (1.0 per cent), and Mining and Quarrying (0.6 per cent).

Electricity

Electricity Generation in the State during January to November, 1983 rose considerable (11.9 per cent ), compared to the corresponding period of previous year.

Labour Situation

The labour situation in the State during the period from January to November, 1983 was some what unsatisfactory as the total number of mandays lost during the period under review was higher when compared to the corresponding period of 1982 (20.16 lakhs against 9.77 lakhs. This was mainly because of the strike in four Jute mills and Andhra Pradesh Paper Mills as a result of which mandays lost amounted to 14.84 lakhs.

Employment situation

The employment situation in the State during the year 1983 (January to November) indicted improvement as the total number of vacancies notified to the Employment Exchanges rose by 27.6 per cent i.e., from 50,518 in 1982 to 64,440 in 1983 (January to November) while the placements increased from 27,603 to 32,498 during the same period.

Price Situation

Wholesale Price Indices

The index number of whole sale prices of Agriculture commodities in the State with base 1970-71=100 which stood at 233.7 during January, 1983 though recorded a fall in Febuary,1983, reached a peak level of 285.0 in August,1983. Subsequently, it had come down to 267.4 during October,1983 but increase again to 272.4 in November, 1983. Compared to November, 1982, the index of wholesale prices of agricultural commodities in November,1983, rose by 11.6 per cent. Group-wise the indices of all groups except Drugs and Narcotics, recorded a rise during November, 1983. The highest increase in the indices was noticed in the case of Vegetables (67.5 per cent), followed by Fruits(56.8 per cent ), Sugarcane(Gur) (51.5 per cent),Fibres (14.7 per cent), Condiments and Spices (11.5 per cent), Cereals (9.0 per cent), Pulses (8.2 percent) and Oilseeds (4.0 per cent).

Consumer Price Indices

The average consumer price index for industrial workers for eight selected centers of the State with base 1960=100 which stood at 477 during January, 1983 declined to 468 in March, 1983. It remained static in April , 1983, but increased continuously to 516 in October, 1983 whereas at the All India level, it rose from 495 in January to 558 in October, 1983. Thus, the average consumer price index during January to October,1983 revealed an increase of 12.7 per cent at the All-India level.

ANNUAL PLAN 1983-84

The Planning Commission approved a Plan of Rs.826.00 crores for 1983-84. However, the State Government provided a total Plan Outlay of Rs.896.28 crores in the Budget taking into account certain priority requirements for the development of the State-in particular Telugu Ganga Project.

During the course of implementation of the Plan, a careful review of the resources available as well as pace of expenditure was undertaken. The review had necessarily to be more intense than in the past due to enormous increase in the plan outlay of 1983-84 and substantial change of orientation of priorities. Considering the fact that the budget itself started with a deficit and during the course of the year, the State had to face unprecedented floods, the pressure on resources mounted. A number of measures to economize expenditure in Non-Plan were taken and a careful review of the expenditure in the Plan was also undertaken. as a result of these exercises, some down-ward revision of Plan ceilings for some sectors and Heads of Departments was inevitable while in other sectors considered to be of a priority nature an increase was made. Consequently, the revised outlay for 1983-84 is Rs.874.28 crores.

In this background the Annual Plan for 1984-85 was formulated for Rs.978.31 crores after a series of discussions at official level, in Working Groups in Delhi and at the level of Chief Minister and Deputy Chairman, Planning Commission. The Sectoral composition of outlay of Rs.978.31 crores, given in the Annexure, takes into account the following factors: -

(a) Continuance of the priority for Social and Community Services in particular for the Welfare

of S.Cs, S.Ts., B.Cs., Weaker Sections Housing, Youth Welfare, Vimukthi etc.,

(b) enhanced emphasis on Irrigation and Power.

(c) provision for the requirements of Telugu Ganga

(d) need to promote decentralised Planning including provision of Rs.1 crore per district for

district level schemes, and

(e) to provide for innovative approaches like vocationalisation of education, Yuvasakthi,

Government Orphanages.

The broad details of the Plan for 1984-85 in comparison with the expenditure/outlays in the previous years is given in the following Statement.

It may be seen from the statement that there was a huge step up in the outlay in 1983-84 and 1984-85 over the three previous years and that the Sixth Plan outlay of Rs.3100.00 crores would also be exceeded by about Rs.304 crores. Irrigation and Power Sector continued to have highest allocation in all theAnnual Plans and the step up in this sector is significant in 1984-85. The allocation for Social and Community Services in 1983-84 as well as 1984-85 was two and a half times the annual average of the first three years of the Sixth Plan. The allocation for Social and Community Services in 1984-85 constitutes 29.4% of the total outlay followed by 27.2% for Irrigation, 20.4% for Power, 8.6% on Agriculture and Allied Services 5.3% under Transport and Communications and 5.0 % under Industry and Minerals. The Special feature of the 1984-85 Plan is separate allocation of Rs.23.00 crores for crucial balancing investments of non-recurring nature for increasing effective use of capital assets in various districts at the rate of Rs.1.00 crore in each district. The allocation for social and community services in 1984-85 though apparently less by Rs.6.00 crores over the revised outlay for that sector in 1983-84 the actual allocation would far exceed the outlay in 1983-84 since the Special District schemes for which an allocation of Rs.23.00 crores has been made would be having a large segment of programmes in the Social and Community Services sector. However, the allocation in 1984-85 for the Welfare of Backward Classes, Scheduled Classes and Scheduled Tribes has been retained at Rs. 57.00 crores, being the budgeted level of 1983-84. This level is more than thrice the average level of allocations in the first three years of the Sixth Plan.

AGRICULTURE

The total Sixth Plan outlay for Agriculture was Rs.2,177.00 lakhs. The expenditure incurred in the first three year (1980-83 was Rs.981.07 lakhs, while during 1983-84 the anticipated expenditure would be Rs.694.93 lakhs and for 1984-85 the provision made is Rs.848.00 lakhs comprising of Rs.150.00 lakhs for Research and Education, Rs.605.16 lakhs for crop Husbandry, Rs.48.84 lakhs for Horticulture and Rs.44.00 lakhs for Agro-Industries Corporation.

Agriculture is the primary sector of our economy as 70% of population is depending on it. Therefore, Agriculture is accorded high priority. Agriculture Production in the State has made rapid strides during the last twenty five years. The production which was at 59.17 lakhs tonnes in 1956-57 reached a new high of 114.17 lakh tonnes during 1981-82. A break through was made in Agriculture production during mid-sixties with the introduction of High Yielding Varieties, while a significant increase was achieved since 1973-74, the average annual output of food grains having risen from 74 lakh tonnes in the quinquennium ending 1973-74 to 101 lakh tonnes in the quinquennium ending 1981-82 i.e., a raise of 36.5%. This increase is mainly due to growing of High Yielding Varieties, backed with quality inputs and improved technology.

The year 1982-83 started on a promising note with the monsoons setting in time during June, 1982. Kharif sowings were taken up in time in Telengana and parts of Rayalaseema regions, which picked up momentum during July, in most parts of the state except in the districts of Chittoor, Cuddapah, Karimnagar and upland areas of coastal region where the rainfall was inadequate. During July and August, there was deficiency in rainfall in Telengana and Rayalaseema regions. By and large, the rainfall during Kharif season was deficit by 4 % in Telangana and 17% in Rayalaseema regions and 12% in the coastal districts. Paddy transplantation was delayed by a month and all the standing crops suffered moisture stress on account of intermittent dry spell. However the food grains production during 1982-83 was 111.77 lakhs tonnes, compared to 114.17 lakh tonnes achieved during 1981-82, a good Agricultural year.

In the year 10983-84 the South West Monsoon has set on 24th June 1983 with a delay of about a fortnight. The rainfall during June has been wide-spread and more than normal in all the regions of the State and in the State as a whole the rainfall was 117 mm. as against the normal of 107 mm. The monsoon has been vigorous during July, also and the rainfall received was 205 mm as against the normal of 170 mm and exceeded by 21 %. The sowing of dry crops commenced during the last week of June and picked up momentum during July and about 70% of the dry sowings were completed by July end. The transplantation of rice was also completed in about 70% of the area in coast region by the end of July, while in the other regions plantation started just then. Monsoon was active during August also, resulting in wide-spread rains all over the state. The rainfall was 303 mm against the normal of 157 mm registering an increase of 93% over the normal. All the irrigation sources were filled up during the month of August. The transplantation of paddy was completed in about 90% of the area in the State during August and completed by middle of September. As ill-luck would have it, there was a cyclonic storm in the district, of East Godavari, West Godavari, Nizamabad, Karimnagar, Adilabad causing, heavy damage to standing crops during September as it was 276 mm against the normal to 168 mm. The total rainfall during the Kharif season i.e., from June to September was 901 mm compared to the normal of 602 mm registering about 50% increase over the normal. On account of good seasonal conditions there has been an increase in area sown compared to the normal extent. There was a decline in the area under Jowar, owing to the delay in breaking of the monsoon, however which was adequately compensated with the increase in area under oil seeds specially Groundnut.

During the 1st week of October, 1983, severe cyclone hit most of the northern districts, more particularly coastal districts resulting in floods. This has caused extensive damage to the standing crops affecting an area of about 7.48 lakhs hectares of irrigated crops, 7.04 lakh hectares of dry crops and lead to a considerable decline in production of about 9.7 lakh tonnes as the crops were in advanced stage of growth and rejuvenation was not possible excepting in small extent. To mitigate the hardship caused to the farmers, relief measures were provided in the form of "Booster dose" of urea, Plant protection spraying and short term loans. Seed supply on subsidy basis has also been arranged to the farmers for raising Rabi crops.

During October, 1983 a rainfall of 185 mm was received against the normal of 121 mm with these rains all the irrigation sources got filled up again brightening Rabi prospects. During the month of November, Coastal Andhra region and Cuddapah and Chittoor districts of Rayalaseema region, normally receive moderate rains, but rains have failed in November, 1983. However, no adverse affect was there on crops in view of earlier good rains. With a view to compensate the loss in production due to floods in Kharif, an area of about 1.5 lakh hectares is localised for paddy in delta districts in addition to the normal area of 9 lakhs hectares.

According to the tentative estimates the production of foodgrains in Kharif 1983 is put at 76.6 lakh tonnes after accounting for the flood and cyclone damage as against the production of 76.08 lakh tonnes during Kharif 1982. The production of oil seeds in the Kharif is likely to be around 12.3 lakh tonnes as compared to 8.27 lakh tonnes during 1982. Similarly the production of pulses is likely to be about 3.37 lakh tonnes, which is on level with the production of Kharif 1982. During the current Rabi, the seasonal conditions are favourable and special efforts are being made to implement all the Agricultural Development schemes in a vigorous way to step up the production to compensate the losses in Kharif production. A production of about 38.72 lakh tonnes is expected during Rabi. In all an annual anticipated production of foodgrains in 1983-84 is put at 115.3 lakh tonnes as against the target of 115.00 lakh tonnes.

Targets for 1984-85 as finalised by Planning Commission are 125 lakh tonnes under food grains, 6 lakh bales of cotton, 8.5 lakh bales of Mesta, 146 lakh tonnes of Sugarcane and 16.65 lakh tonnes of Oil Seeds. The targets for other important programmes are High Yielding Varieties 44.85 lakh hectares, consumption of chemical fertilisers (N.P.K.) 9.25 lakh tonnes and the Planning Protection Chemicals 15,000 tonnes of Technical grade material.

To achieve the above targets production growing High Yielding Varieties of crops is the main component of the strategy envisaged. This programme is supported with adequate and timely supply of inputs namely quality seeds, fertilisers, pesticides, and short term credit. The main extension focus is given to increase the productivity of all important crops like Rice, Millets, Oil Seeds, and pulses. Dry Land farming is given increased stress for increasing the productivity and stabilise the production of dry land crops, as about 70% of the Agricultural Land is under rainfed farming. The technologies developed by ICAR and ICRISAT in the field of Dry land farming are being popularised in our state in many districts as the results are very encouraging. Various other dry land development programmes are also being implemented in the State. A World Bank aided Rainfed farming Project in Ranga Reddy District is being put on ground in an area of about 25,331 hectares, on water shed basis, comprising of 25 villages of Maheshwaram and Ibrahimpatnam taluq. This area is proposed to be developed with afforestation, grass lands, soil and moisture conservation and crops improvement programme over a period of seven years with adequate financial outlays.

Various other developmental programmes namely community nurseries, seed exchange, minimum yield Guarantee Programme fertiliser promotion, Minikits of various crops and timely plant protection measures are being implemented. The latest technology in Agriculture is made available to the farming community at their door step with the help of training and visit system of etitension.

The Progress made in Agricultural Production in the last 4 years (1980-81 to 1983-84) and the targets set for 1984-85 are indicated below:

HORTICULTURE

As for Horticulture, Andhra Pradesh is endowed with a variety of soils and the tropical climatic conditions and is suitable for raising large number of Horticulture crops. The major horticultural crops grown in the State are mango, Citrus, banana, grapes, coconut, cashewnut and a variety of indigenous and exotic vegetables. Realising the importance of horticulture in the State, the State Government had created a new Department of Horticulture with effect from 1st January, 1982.

SOIL AND WATER CONSERVATION

The state has about 132 lakh hectares of cultivated area, a major portion of which requires soil and moisture conservation measures. These measures are being implemented in the State for the last 30 years. An area of about 72 lakh hectares still remains to be treated with soil and moisture conservation measures.

There are five divisions comprising 26 Sub-Divisions for taking up soil conservation works in Agriculture Lands. The anticipated expenditure for 1983-84 is Rs.59.50 lakhs and for 1984-85 a sum of Rs.80.00 lakhs is provide, out of which Rs.75 lakhs are for agriculture Department and Rs.5 lakh for Forest Department.

ANIMAL HUSBANDRY

The allocation for Animal Husbandry in the Annual Plan 1984-85 is Rs.315.00 lakhs as against the anticipated expenditure of Rs.278.00 lakhs for 1983-84. The objectives of the Animal Husbandry Programmes continue to be improvement of the Animal Health facilities to ensure adequate production of milk through cattle development programmes, for increasing the production of animal proteins in the form of meat and eggs through sheep, piggery and poultry development programmes and for designing these programmes in a manner to benefit to a maximum extent the poorer sections among the farmers particularly those belonging to scheduled castes and scheduled tribes. As a result of the implementation of Animal Husbandry programmes, it is estimated that the milk production would go up from 26.3 lakh tonnes in 1983-84 to 27 lakh tonnes in 1984-85. Similarly the egg production would go up to 2500 millions and wool production to 27.50 lakhs Kgs. by 1984-85.

During 1984-85, apart from continuing the on-going schemes, it is proposed to strengthen the Veterinary Biological Products and Research Institute, Hyderabad to take up establishment of fodder plots on community basis under Special Component Plan for Scheduled castes to benefit scheduled castes, to distribute fodder Minikits to scheduled castes and in Tribal areas and to establish seed multiplication plots to support the beneficiaries under milch animals production, to distribute breeding bulls for natural services in Tribal areas besides distribution of Rams and Bucks for upgrading the local stock in tribal areas.

For A.P. Meat and Poultry Development Corporation a sum of Rs.56.00 lakhs is provided for 1984-85 as in the current year, out of which is Rs.20.00 lakhs are for share capital contribution and the balance Rs.36.0-0 lakhs are for establishment of Egg Powder factory at Regional Poultry Farm, Saroornagar.

DAIRY DEVELOPMENT

The outlay in the Sixth Five Year Plan for "Dairy Development is Rs.600 lakhs. The Government have already released an amount of Rs.170 lakhs during the year 1980-81, Rs.100 lakhs during 1981-82, Rs.50 lakhs during 1982-83 and Rs.350 lakhs in 1983-84. The outlay provided for the year 1984-85 is Rs.130 lakhs.

The OF-II [Operation Flood-II] programme will be implemented in the specially identified areas in each of the 16 districts in the State with the funds provided by the Indian Dairy Corporation. The Government while agreeing for the implementation of the OF-II programme on Anand pattern have taken a decision to implement similar programmes throughout the State i.e., in all the areas not covered by the OF-II programme. The seven districts which are `outside' the geographical project area of OF-II and also those areas within the OF-II districts itself but not actually covered by the programme as per physical targets during the project period. Further as per the agreement signed by the Government of Andhra Pradesh with the Indian Dairy Corporation, it is stipulated that the Government will have to provide basic infrastructure like land/site, water, electricity, quarters for essential staff etc. required for the OF-II project also. Accordingly Dairy Development schemes are being implemented by the APDDCF with the funds provided by the Government under Plan.

Technical Inputs programme is the back bone for augmenting production. It is proposed to organise the milk procurement and inputs through the Co-operative Societies. Under Technical Inputs Programme Artificial Insemination, Animal Health Cover, Fodder Development, Dairy Extension, support to Village Co-operative, Training of Farmers and Co-operative personnel, etc. will be taken up as per the Anand pattern. The Dairy Development Teams for implementation of the P & I activities are already positioned in these areas and hence started the organisation of Village Dairy Co-operative Societies on Anand pattern. An amount of Rs.56 lakhs is provided towards Technical Inputs programme during the year 1984-85.

With the implementation of Technical Inputs programme, milk production is steadily increasing there by necessitating the expansion and strengthening of processing chilling facilities in some of the existing Dairy Units. Further, under IRDP and other developmental programmes the Government is providing loans to the Small and Marginal farmers and agricultural labourers for the purchase of milch animals. In order to procure surplus milk from the above beneficiaries it will become necessary, to provide additional facilities at certain Dairy Units. For this purpose an amount of Rs.50 lakhs is provided during the year1984-85.

It is very essential to provide facilities for transport of milk in bulk from the chilling centres to the Milk Product Factories. For this purpose, Road Milk Tankers/InsulatedTrucks/Refrigerated trucks have to be provided and for this an allocation of Rs.7 lakh is made for 1984-85.

As per the agreement signed by the Government of Andhra Pradesh with t he Indian Dairy Corporation it is stipulated that the Government will have to provide site for the new Feed Mixing Plants/ChillingCentres. for this purpose an amount of Rs.2.00lakhs is provided in 1984-85.

It is proposed to take up "pre-programme actions" on the Malted Milk Food process and for this an allocation of Rs.15 lakhs is made for 1984-85.

Targets of production and selected Programmes are given in the following table.

FISHERIES

For fisheries development, Rs.1457.00 lakhs were provided in the Sixth Five Year Plan of which Rs.854.94 lakhs were spent in the first 3 years (1980-83). The allocation made in 1984-85 is Rs.462.00 lakhs against an anticipated expenditure of Rs.335.00 lakhs for 1983-84.

The major allocations made in the plan for 1984-85 are Rs.148.00 lakhs for fishing harbours at Nizampatnam and Kakinada, Rs.30.00 lakhs for fishing harbour at Bhavanapadu, Rs.79.00 lakhs for village access roads in the districts of Visakhapatnam, East Godavari and Guntur, Rs.15.00 lakhs for beach landing craft with engines, gear etc., Rs.18.00 lakhs for schemes for scheduled castes, Rs.17.60 lakhs for share capital to Andhra Pradesh Fisheries Corporation Rs.15.00 lakhs for schemes for scheduled tribes, Rs.37.50 lakhs of State share for Brackish Water Fisheries, Rs.20.88 lakhs of State share for two national fish seed farms in the districts of West Godavari and Guntur, Rs.15.00 lakhs for improvements to existing fish seed farms, Rs.14.80 lakhs for fish farmers development agencies Kurnool, Medak, Karimnagar and Srikakulam and Rs.8.00 lakhs for fish seed form at Manjira Barrage.

The physical targets and achievements for 1983-84 and 1984-85 under certain items are given below:

 
Item Unit 1983-84 1984-85
      Target Achievement Target
1. FISH PRODUCTION        
  (a) Inland 000 tonnes 145 108 145
  (b) Merine -do- 130 130 138
2. Mechanised Boats Nos. (Cumulative) 918 835 850
3. Beach landing crafts Nos. .. 2 38
4. FISH SEED PRODUCTION        
  (a) Fish Fry Millions 251 215 250
  (b) Fish Seed Farms Nos. (Cumulative) 85 81 86
  (c) Nursery area Hec.(Cumulative) 14 14 15
5. Brackish Water Fish Farming Hec.(Cumulative) 50 141 261
 

FORESTS

The total Sixth Plan (1980-85) outlay under Forests was Rs.1000 lakhs. During the first three years of the Plan (1980-83), an amount of Rs.572.94 lakhs was spent while during 1983-84 the anticipated expenditure was Rs.460 lakhs and for 1984-85 the outlay provided is Rs.536.00 lakhs.

An amount of Rs.12 lakhs had been provided for forest research. The nature of works proposed are mostly raising of provinces suitable in the various Agro-climatic zones of the State. Apart from this, there was also a continuing scheme for raising of pine plantations on experimental basis and also for strengthening of the seed collection organisation and field oriented research in vie of the increasing plantation programmes.

The outlay provided in 1984-85 for forest conservation and development was Rs.75 lakhs which was a substantial step up as compared to 1983-84 outlay which was Rs.40 lakhs. This outlay will not only take care of continuing schemes but also more stress would be laid on forest protection activities. Most of the valuable forests which contained valuable red sanders, sandalwood and teak were susceptible to smuggling and, therefore, it had been considered necessary to strengthen the vigilance and supervisory organisation and availability of wireless sets (VHF) for quick and effective coordination between various parties engaged in prevention of smuggling of various forest products.

Under farm forestry, the proposed outlay was Rs.173 lakhs. This amount will take care of the matching share of the Centrally Sponsored Scheme of Rural Fuel-wood Plantation Programme under which it was proposed to raise plantations of fuelwood and small timber over an area of 8000 hectares and to carry out advance work for plantation du ring 1984 season over an area of 8000 hectares. In addition to this it was also proposed to distribute 200 lakhs seedlings of fuelwood, fodder, flowering and fruit yielding to the public and an amount of Rs.130 lakhs had been provided for this purpose. Another important programme to be taken up is the Canadion International Development Agency aided social, forestry project with a total outlay of about Rs.40 crores over a period of 5 years. However, during 1984-85 a toke provision of Rs.10 lakhs has been made, pending finalisation of the agreement.

An outlay of Rs.5 lakhs is provided in 1984-85 for preservation of wild life as against Rs.31 lakhs allocation in 1983-84. For conservation of wild life and improving the infrastructure in the habitat, different schemes were being taken up in the State. The Project Tiger scheme has been extended. It is proposed to raise pulpwood plantation and improve the management of forests for sustained supply to the industries of the raw material by creating Industrial Plantation fund and for this purpose, a sum of Rs.76.00 lakhs is provided in the Plan for 1984-85.

There is also a separate allocation of Rs.50.00 lakhs for Zoological Parks in Sixth Plan. Out of this a sum of Rs.28.94 lakhs was spent in the first three years (1980-83) and a sum of Rs.15.00 lakhs is provided for each of the years 1983-84 and 1984-85.

The Forest Department is also implementing the Centrally Sponsored Scheme of Soil Conservation in the River Valley Project of Sileru Catchment of Visakhapatnam District. The main objectives of the scheme is to check silt load of the flowing waters and sedimentation of their service reservoirs of Machkund and Balamela, Upper and Lower Sileru Hydro Electric Projects by taking up appropriate soil conservation measures.

During 1984-85 an amount of Rs.30 lakhs is proposed for this work to afforest about 800 ha. under forest sector and 700 ha. under agricultural sector under the Centrally Sponsored Scheme (100% central Assistance).

CYCLONE SHELTERS

In the wake of Cyclone, 1977 Government of India constituted "CYCLONE DISTRESS MITIGATION COMMITTEE" to suggest measures to anticipate, mitigate and preventing disaster. Among others the Cyclone Distress Mitigation Committee recommended the construction of Community Cyclone Shelters in the vulnerable Villages of the coast where no pucca buildings exist.

Having the hazardous experience in the Cyclone, 1977 State Government have decided to take up the construction of community cyclone shelters throughout the coast. Accordingly 1,336 Villages were identified in the coastal districts.

Several voluntary and philanthropic organisations have come forward with proposals to take up the construction of Shelters under the matching grant scheme from Chief Ministers' Relief Fund. Among others, European Economic Community, Brussels have sponsored 100 Cyclone Shelters providing an aid of Rs.1.00 crore out of the total cost of Rs.1.62 crores and all the Shelters were completed.

As many of the identified Villages are left out it has been proposed to the European Economic Community through the Government of India for financial assistance of Rs.4.00 crores towards the construction of 200 Cyclone Shelters including the toilet blocks under Phase-II Programme. European Economic Community have cleared the proposal to give an assistance of 3 million E.C.U. equivalent of Rs.3.45 crores and the balance of Rs.55.00 lakhs will have to be met from State Funds under Plan. An amount of Rs.1.00 crore is made available during 1983-84.

The Project is scheduled to be completed by 30-9-1985 as per the financing agreement entered into with the European Economic Community. A sum of Rs.3.00 crores has been provided in the Plan for 1984-85.

I.R.D.P.

The major special programmes in Rural Development being implemented in the State are Integrated Rural Development Programme and the Drought Prone Areas Programme.

During 1982-83, IRDP was implemented in all the 330 Blocks in the State with a grant-in-aid outlay of Rs.8.00 lakhs per Block. The programme is primarily beneficiary oriented with divisible component of over 80%. Out of the balance 20%, 10% is meant for infrastructure, 71/2% for administration and project cost and 21/2% for Risk cover fund and managerial subsidy etc. The divisible component is meant towards subsidy in favour of the target group families below the poverty line. Subsidy at the rate of 25% to small farmers, 331/2% to marginal farmers, agricultural labourers, non-agricultural labourers and rural artisans, 50% for tribals is expected to reduce the loan burden of the beneficiaries to become viable and generate substantial incremental income in favour of the target group families for enabling them to cross the poverty line. The Co-operative and Commercial Banks including Rural Banks have been supporting the programme with adequate institutional credit.

As against the grant-in-aid outlay of Rs.2640 lakhs for 1983-84 Government of India's share was Rs.1320 lakhs. Out of the outlay of Rs.2640 lakhs, the Agencies recorded an expenditure of Rs.1528.77 lakhs upto the end of December, 1983.

This expenditure under IRDP has generated institutional credit of the order of Rs.2753.00 lakhs benefiting 1,32,357 families. Of this 47,175 families belonged to Scheduled Caste families who were covered with grant-in-aid outlay of Rs.440.04 lakhs and loan component of Rs.931.35 lakhs. 13,311 Scheduled Tribe Families were also covered with a subsidy component of Rs.160.99 lakhs generating institutional credit of Rs.210.25 lakhs.

The physical achievements include supply of 5,332 pairs of bullocks, excavation of 6,555 community and individual irrigation wells, renovation of 1,109 old wells, supply of 3677 pumpsets,5611 dairy animals, 461 poultry units and 6225 sheep units etc. About 6286 Rural Youth were trained in various skills towards upgrading their technology and enabling them to get themselves self-employed.

During 1984-85 each block will get grant-in-aid outlay of Rs.8.00 lakhs to be shared by Government of India and the State Government on 50:50 basis. With an outlay of Rs.2640 lakhs during 1984-85 (including Centrals share of Rs.1320 lakhs) the DRDAs are expected to cover 2 lakhs families who are below the poverty line arranging institutional credit with a view to enabling them to derive sufficient incremental income to cross the poverty line.

The Government of India sanctioned a scheme called the Training of Rural Youth for self employment in all the Blocks in the country. Under this scheme atleast the small and marginal farmers in increasing the agricultural production in selected areas (preferably watershed in each of the 330 blocks in the State at a total outlay of Rs.16.50 crores of which the State share will be 50% viz. Rs.8.25 crores per year at the rate of Rs.5.00 lakhs per block per year from 1983-84. The scheme aims at benefiting about 600 families of small and Marginal farmers in each block.

D.P.A.P.

During the 1984-85, D.P.A.P will be implemented in 66 blocks of the State spread over seven district. Grant-in-aid outlay is of the order of Rs.15.00 lakhs per block per year to be shared by the Government of India and the State Government on 50:50 basis. This programme is primarily area/infrastructural development oriented. During 1983-84 the Agencies have utilised an amount of Rs.477.57 lakhs upto December 1983 out of a provision of Rs.1200 lakhs including Central share of Rs.600 lakhs. The sectors covered are soil conservation, Agriculture, Minor Irrigation, Ground Water Development , Forestry, Sericulture, Animal Husbandry, Fisheries etc/

During 1984-85 the allocation is of the order of Rs.9.90 crores to be shared by the Government of India and the State Government on 50:50 basis.

D.P.A.P. and I.R.D.P. to the extent they operate in the same ar3ea, namely 66 blocks, are complementary to each other. The infrastructural component of the DPAP will support the beneficiary component under I.R.D.P. In addition, the critical gaps in the infrastructural development will be taken care of from out of the 10% of the I.R.D.P. outlay.

National Rural Employment Programme

The National Rural Employment Programme was commenced in October, 1980 replacing the Food for Work Programme. It was fully financed by Government of India for the 1st year. The programme has been included in the Sixth Five Year Plan from 1-4-1981 and it is now being implemented as Centrally Sponsored Scheme on 50:50 basis between the Centre and the State. This programme has the following three objectives:

1. Generation of additional gainful employment for the un-employed and under employed persons both men and women in the rural areas.

2. Creation of durable community assets for strengthening the rural infrastructure which will lead to rapid growth of rural economy and steady rise in the income levels of the rural poor; and

3. Improvement of the Nutritional status and the living standards of the rural poor.

The outlay in Sixth Five Year Plan is Rs.11000.00 lakhs (Central share Rs.5500 lakhs and State share Rs.5500 lakhs).

During 1983-84 a sum of Rs.41.46 crores (Central share Rs.20.73 crores and State share Rs.20.73 crores) was provided. Thew Government of India have released 27365 M.Ts of foodgrains for 1983-84 and 729 M.Ts of food grains as against the unlifted quantities of 1982-83. This, 28,094 M.Ts were available during 1983-84 for utilisation under this programme.

Out of Rs.41.46 crores, a sum of Rs.10.37 crores was earmarked for Housing for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes and Rs.4.15 crores for Social Forestry. The balance amount of Rs.26.94 crores was proposed for utilisation for completion of spill over works etc.

As against the target of 300 lakh mandays, 114.30 lakh mandays of employment was generated by the end of December 1983 and the expenditure reported was Rs.14.97 crores till end of November, 1983. The physical achievements under the programme upto 30-9-1983 are as follows:

 
1. Drinking Water Wells/Community Irrigation Wells 139 Nos.
2. Houses for Scheduled Castes/Scheduled Tribes 13173 Nos.
3. Construction of Village Tanks 8 Nos.
4. Minor Irrigation Works 1416.5 Hects.
5. Rural Roads 1407.97 Kms
6. School Buildings and Balwadies 728 Nos.
7. Social Forestry Area covered under Social Forestry & Afforestation 2805.12
8. Soil, Water Conservation and land reclamation 52.00
 
The State Plan outlay for 1984-85 is Rs.23.50 crores. The Central matching shar
e will be Rs.23.50 crores thus making the total outlay on National Rural Employment Programme as Rs.47.00 crores.

CO-OPERATION

In order to provide adequate credit to small farmers and other, storage facilities in Rural areas, Marketing of Agriculture produce of the members, providing self employment to weaker sections particularly Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and Backward Classes and to distribute essential commodities to the public through Consumer Co-operatives, various schemes have been formulated particularly to fulfil the plan objectives. The anticipated expenditure under Co-operation for 1983-84 is Rs.321.83 lakhs and for 1984-85 a provision of Rs.460.00 lakhs (inclusing of Rs.15.00 lakhs to Grameena Banks) is made.

The co-operatives have so far provided during 1983-84 about Rs.130.00 crores as Short Term and Medium Term Credit. Nearly 60% of these loans were issued to small farmers. It has been proposed to lend short term and Medium term credit to the tune of Rs.170.00 crores during 1984-85.

In respect of providing storage facilities in rural ar3eas so far 592 rural godowns and 21 marketing godowns have been constructed with a total storage capacity of 3.87 lakhs M.Ts. During 1984-85 it is programmed to construct 850 rural godowns and 25 Marketing godowns.

The Agriculture Produce marketed by the Cooperatives so far during 1983-84 is of the order of Rs.22 crores Chemical Fertilisers worth of Rs.13.309 crores have been distributed to farmers through Co-operatives.

Following targets have been proposed for 1984-85.

 
1. Value of Agriculture Produce Marketed Rs. 30.00 crores
2. Value of distribution of Chemical Fertilisers Rs.45.00 crores
 

The Consumer Co-operatives have distributed consumer articles worth of Rs.11.05 crores against the target of Rs.60.00 crores in Urban areas and Rs.1.50 crores in rural areas against the targets of Rs.10.00 crores upto the end of September, 1983 during 1983-84.

Efforts are being made to step up the achievements during 1984-85 and the following targets have been proposed.

 
1. Value of distribution of consumer articles in urban areas Rs.65 crores.
2. Value of distribution of consumer articles in rural areas Rs.12 crores.
 

Investments in Agricultural Financial Institutions

The long term credit programme is being implemented through Andhra Pradesh Co-operative Central Agriculture Development Bank at State level and through 218 primary agricultural Development Banks at Primary level for the economic development of farmers, particularly small and marginal farmers. Long term Credit is provided to Minor Irrigation, Farm mechanisation and other programmes, such as poultry, Dairy Sheep rearing besides pisciculture, sericulture, social forestry etc. During 1983-84, an amount of about Rs.36 crores has been disbursed so far against the target of Rs.75 crores. About 70% of loans were issued to small farmers. Efforts are being made to achieve target of Rs.75 crores fixed for the year 1983-84 before March,1 984. The target fixed for disbursement of Long Term Credit for the year 1984-85 is Rs.80 crores.

An outlay of Rs.400.00 lakhs is provided in the plan for 1984-85 towards the floatation of debenture and other allied schemes.

Targets for selected physical programmes are given in the following table

IRRIGATION

The Sixth Five Year Plan outlay for Irrigation including flood control and Drainage is Rs.80,829.00 lakhs. Out of this, the expenditure incurred in the first three years (1980-83) was Rs.41,119.25 lakhs. For the year 1983-84, a sum of Rs.21,000.00 lakhs was provided in the Budget and the anticipated expenditure is Rs.20,200.00 lakhs. The outlay for 1984-85 has been stepped up to 23,449.00 lakhs.

Nagarjunasagar Project

The allotment for this project in 1984-85 is Rs.48.50 crores as against the provision of Rs.35.50 crores in 1983-84. The total ayacut contemplated under Nagarjunasagar Right Canals is 4.75 lakh hectares covering 2.84 lakh hectares in Guntur District and 1.91 lakh ha., in Prakasam District. Out of this 4.53 lakh ha. were localised and the balance 0.22 lakh ha., is yet to be localised. The cumulative irrigation potential created was 4.19 lakh ha., to end of August, 1983. The balance 0.34 lakh ha., irrigation potential in localised ayacut will be created during 1983-84 by June, 1984.

Under Nagarjunasagar Left Canal, the total irrigation potential proposed to be created is 3.97 lakh ha. out of this potential for 3.53 lakhs ha., will be created by June, 1984 and the balance area of 0.44 lakh ha., in deferred area in Blocks 21/10 to 21/11 will be taken up later.

Telugu Ganga Project

This is a new scheme taken up in 1983-84 designed to provide drinking water to Madras City and to provide irrigation facilities to Rayalaseema area. In the Budget for 1983-84, a sum of Rs.64.00 crores has been provided against which the anticipated expenditure is Rs.60.00 crores and the same amount of Rs.60.00 crores is provided for 1984-85.

Sriramsagar Project

In the Plan 1984-85 an allotment of Rs.40.00 crores has been made for this project. The potential created upto end of June 1983, was 22,3000 Hectares. The target for creation of additional irrigation Potential in 1983-84 i.e., by June 1984 is 38,000 hectares while in 1984-85 it is 30,000 hectares by June, 1985.

During 1982 orders have been issued to provide field channels upto commanding point of each survey No. or 5 ha.., limit whichever is less in wet and upto each individual holding in I.D. As a result of this, field Channels to area extent of 1,33,000 hectares have been provided upto/end of June, 1983. It is proposed to excavate field channels for an area of 50,000 hectares during 1983-84 i.e., upto June, 1984.

Godavari Barrage

The Sir Arthur Cotton Barrage (Godavari Barrage) Project envisages the construction of new barrage across the four arms of the river Godavari viz., Dowlaiswaram, Ralli, Maddur and Vizzeswaram just upstream of the existing anicut at Dowlaiswaram. To end of December 1983 the civil works on the main barrages on all the 4 arms including 3 scour sluices at Dowlaiswaram, Ralli and Vizzeswaram have been completed. The P.S..C. bridge on all the 4 arms is in progress and it is programmed to be completed by July,. 1984. The Civil works on 3 Head suilces, viz., Eastern Delta Head Sluice, Central Delta head sluice and Western Delta head sluic have almost been completed. The work of manufacture, supply and erection of all the crest gates for the main barrages including scour sluices were awarded to M/s. Jessops & Co. Ltd. As per the present status of work, all the 175 crest gates have been erected and lowered. By lowering the barrage gates, a pond level of 13.02 mt (i.e.,) 4'-0" over the existing anicut crest level is now maintained as against 3'-0" and adequate water is being pushed in to the canals to cater the needs for second crop. The works of Manufacture, supply and erection of gates for 3 head sluices were awarded to the Chief Engineer, Mechanical Unit, Hyderabad. The work is in progress and is programmed to be completed by June, 1984. The provision for 1983-84 is Rs.4.00 crores and f or 1984-85 a sum of Rs.3.60 crores is provided.

Allocations

The allocations made in 1984-85 for other important projects are given below:

 

 

(Rs. lakhs)

1.

Yeleru Project

1,000.00

2.

Somasila Project

835.00

3.

Srisailam Right Bank Canal

500.00

4.

Srisailam Left Bank Canal

350.00

5.

Singoor Project

725.00

6.

Tungabhadra HLC Stage-II

450.00

7.

Jurala Project

600.00

8.

Vamsadhara Stage I and II

320.00

9.

Taliperu Project

200.00

10.

Drainage

500.00

11.

F,lood Control

160.00

 

Under other Major and Medium Irrigation Projects, an irrigation potential for 29,320 ha. will be created in 1984-85. The allocation made for new Medium Irrigation Schemes in 1984-85 is Rs.113.00 lakhs notable among them being Rs.5.00 lakhs for Pedderu Project-- Stage-II and Rs.10.00 lakhs for Buggavanka in Cuddapah district, Rs.10.00 lakhs for Maddileru,. Rs.10.00 lakhs for Upper Penna Project (Puttakanuma) in Anantapur district, Rs.11.00 lakhs for Peddavagu near Ada, Rs.10.00 lakhs for Chalamalavagu near Irkapalli in Adilabad district.

Minor Irrigation

The allocation for Minor Irrigation has been stepped up from the anticipated expenditure of Rs.14.45 crores in 1983-84 to Rs.18.45 crores in 1984-85 by providing additional funds of Rs.2.00 crores for P.W.D. Minor Irrigation and Rs.2.00 crores to Andhra Pradesh State Irrigation Development Corporation.

The main objective of Command Area Development is to ensure optimum and equitable use of irrigation water under all projects in Andhra Pradesh. The land development programme backed up by agricultural extension

services and critical/inputs in this sector. Under Systematic Land Development an extent of 1.65 lakh ha., of land has been developed till December 1983 and it is proposed to develop an extent of 35,700 ha.during 1984-85. Credit facilities are provided by the Co-operative Agricultural Development Bank and Commercial Banks inputs. Under Land Development and for the required inputs. Under long term credit an amount of Rs.19.88crores has been disbursed and under short term credit for reason at agricultural operations an amount of Rs.87.29 crores has been disbursed and under short term credit for reason at agricultural operationsan amount of Rs.87.29 crores has been disbursed till the end of December 1983. For equitable distribution of water to all the farmer a programme of integrated Water Management comprising of Systematic Canal Operation upto the outlet and Warabandi below the outlet has been taken up during 1983-84. Systematic Canal operation is covered by an area of 4.58 lakh ha. and Warabandi programme was taken up in an extent of 1.63 lakh ha. the target for 1984-85 is 2.00 lakh ha.

Recognising the need to conserve and optimise the use of irrigation water and to step up the utitlisation of irrigation potential the State Government in collaboration with the World Bank has set up a Water and Land Management Training and Research Institute in the State during 1982-83 to train various field level functionaries in Planning, designing, operation and maintenance of irrigation net work. The training courses have also been started.

Ayacut road programme has been taken up in Nagarjunasagar Project common area for a total length of 953 Kms. to be completed by June 1984. So for roads to a length of 844 Kms. have been completed.

It has been proposed to the Government of India to approve intensive CAD programme in six major and medium irrigation projects of Vamsadhara, Gandipalem, Swarna, Satnala, Taliparu and Peddavagu. The Government of India have recently approved three projects namely, Vamsadhara,Swarna and Peddavagu to cover areas of 1,03,400 Ha., 3,620 ha., and 6,400 ha respectively.

Due to implementation of the CAD activities the average yields of major crops in command areas are higher when compared to non-command areas.

To give a fillip to the implementation of various programmes, an Ordinance on Irrigation Utilisation & CAD has been promulgated on 31st December, 1983.

The Plan outlay for CAD for 1984-85 is Rs.12.83 crores as against anticipated expenditure of Rs.11.00crores in 1983-84 and it is nearly double that of what it was two years ago. In addition to this the Central assistance component would be about Rs.2.32 crores.

POWER

In the Annual Plan for 1984-85, this Sector has been allotted an amount of Rs.200.00 crores which includes Rs.38.00 crores for Srisailam Stages I & II, increasing over the 1983-84 anticipated expenditure of Rs,146.00 crores with Rs.38.00 crores for Srisailam.

So far during the year 1983-84 165 M.W. generating capacity as detailed below has been added, increasing the installed capacity to 2901 M.W. from 2736 M.W. at the end of March, 1983.

 
1. Nagarjunasagar Right Canal Power House Unit-II 30 M.W.
2. Donkarayi Canal Power Hosue 25 M.W.
3. Srisailam H.E.S.- Stage I-Unit III 110 M.W.
  Total : 165 M.W.
 

By March,1984 it is proposed to commission the first unit of 100 M.W. for Nagarjunasagar Pumped Storage Scheme ---Stage II increasing the installed capacity by March, 1984 to 3001 M.W. The highest Maximum demand touched so far is 1733 M.W. as against 1570 M.W. in 1981-82. The maximum daily energy generation tuned an all time high peak of 34.08million units on 18th March, 1983. It is hoped to maintain the self-sufficiency in power in the years to come.

The target for 1983-84 are electrification of 1000 villages and energisation of 45000 agricultural pumpsets. 405 villages and 352 hamlets were electrified and 27269 pumpsets have been energised by the end of December1983. Out of 27221 villages in the state, 21066 villages are electrified up tothe end of December 1983 covering 77.39% of the total number of villages. 5.67 lakhs pumpsets are energised in the State upto the end of December 1983 and the Andhra Pradesh State ranks third in the country. Out of 32750 hamlets in the State, 8634 hamlets are electrified by the end of December, 1983.

During 1984-85, it is proposed to add 310 M.W. by commissioning 2nd and 3rd Units of 100 M.W. each of Nagarjunasagar Pumped Storage Scheme--State II and fourth unit of Srisailam H.E.S. raising the installed capacity at the end of 1984-85 to 3311 M.W..

During the year 1984-85, 620 KM of 220 KV line and 100 K.M. of 132 K.B. lines are proposed to be erected.

An outlay of Rs.21.00 crores is provided for Rural Electrification Works in 1984-85. Electrification of 1000 villages and energisation of 60000 agricultural pumpsets is envisaged. These targets are on the assumption that additional funds of Rs.42.00 crores would be available under outside Plan from S.P.A.

In the year 1983-84 , under distribution, a provision of Rs.12.9 crores has been made. In 1984-85 the outlay has been increased to Rs.25.00 crores with a view to construct more lines and Sub-Stations and improve the distribution system

INDUSTRY AND MINERALS

The total allotment for Industry and Minerals in the Sixth Five Year Plan was Rs.10.566.00 lakhs. The expenditure in first three years (1980-83) was Rs.8895.69 lakhs. For 1983-84, an amount of Rs.5260.00 lakhs was provided in the Budget but the anticipated expenditure is Rs.6757.09 lakhs due to more commitments under Co-operative Sugar Factories. The provision made in the plan for 1984-85 is Rs.4892.00 lakhs.

STATE INCENTIVES FOR INDUSTRIAL UNITS

Investment Subsidy

Under this scheme, entrepreneurs setting up industrial units and or effecting substantial expansion of existing units are eligible for 10 per cent investment subsidy in all the areas declared as backward under 6 Point formula and 20 per cent investment subsidy subject to a ceiling of Rs.15 lakhs in all the scheduled areas.

Interest Free Sales Tax Loan

The State Government provides an interest free sales tax loan to all new industries and existing units for substantial expansion in all the areas of the State excepting the Municipal limits of Hyderabad, Secunderabad, Vijayawada and Visakhapatnam. The loan is limited to tax paid by the entrepreneurs under APGST Act on procurement of materials, plants and equipment during pre production. The loan is also equivalent to purchase tax/sales tax paid by the entrepreneurs under GST Act during the period of first 5 years from the date of going into regular production on raw materials component and finished goods. The total claims, however, are limited to 10% of the fixed capital cost.

A sum of Rs.352.00 lakhs is provided in the plan for 1984-85 for the above purpose.

A.P.State Financial Corporation

This Corporation has the largest business among all the State Financial Corporations in the country. The Corporation with a equity capital of Rs.1000 lakhs was incorporated in 1956. During 1982-83, it has earned a profit of Rs.300 lakhs. As against the sanctioned loan of Rs.6000 lakhs, the disbursement has been of the order of Rs.4000 lakhs during 1983-84. Same allocation of Rs.200 lakhs during 1983-84 is provided for 1984-85 also.

A.P.Industrial Development Corporation (APIDC)

The Corporation was incorporated in 1960 and has an equity capital of Rs.4360 lakhs. During 1982 a net profit of Rs.30.94 lakhs was earned by the Corporation. The APIDC has a large number of Joint Ventures in addition to assisted projects. It is also meeting the requirements of A.P.Electronic Development Corporation. However, the A.P.E.D.C. is being de-linked from APIDC. Under the existing arrangement the Corporation provides assistance to the extent of 15% to assisted projects and 26% to Joint Sector enterprises. A sum of Rs.600.00 lakhs is provided in the plan for 1984-85.

A.P.Industrial Infrastructural Corporation (APIIC)

The amount provided in the Plan for 1984-85 is Rs.300 lakhs and it comprises of 3 items namely equity participation in APIIC, land acquisition costs for ordinance factory and other land acquisition cases. Possession to the extent of nearly 3000 acres have been given to the ordinance factory project authorities.

State Bureau of Public Enterprises

The main function of the Bureau was to provide consultancy services, training programmes etc., and Rs.7.00 lakhs have been provided for 1984-85 to maintain the staff in the Bureau of Public Enterprises Cell.

State Contribution to other Government Companies

The State Government was committed to provide promoters equity to Hyderabad Alwyn, A.P. Scooters Ltd. and Republic Forge Company. Except RFC, all these, Companies were doing very well and declared dividends. For Hyderabad Alwyn, the State Government was committed to provide an amount of Rs.1100 lakhs for its Watch Assembly Units, LCV Project besides the modernisation programme. The Analog Watch Project has been appraised and the total cost has been estimated at Rs.4500 lakhs. As regard light commercial vehicles, loan assistance from IFC Washington is being negotiated. Commerical Production is expected to start in the first quarter of 1985. By February, 1984, Alwyn Scooters are also expected to be put in the market. It was proposed to double the production of LPG. All these projects have been appraised by IDBI.

The State Government are committed to provide Rs.225 lakhs to A.P. Scooters Ltd, Funds are also to be provided to RFC for its Bomb Shell and Crank Shaft project. Implementation of the above projects are in advanced stage and an outlay of Rs.450 lakhs is provided for 1984-85.

Nizam Sugar Factory (NSF)

The State Government are required to provide funds to the Nizam Sugar Factory to implement their corporate plan. The NSF have also to contribute to the cost of nationalising Bobbili and Seethanagaram Sugar Units. Rs.50 lakhs is provided in the Plan for 1984-85.

Nagarjuna Fertilisers and Chemicals, Godavari Fertiliser and Chemicals

The provisions made for these companies in 1984-85 are Rs.20.00 lakhs for Nagarjuna Fertilisers and Chemicals and Rs.204.00 lakhs for Godavari Fertilisers and Chemicals.

Co-operative Sugar Factories

In the Plan for 1983-84, a sum of Rs.268.00 lakhs was provided and against this the anticipated expenditure is Rs.2960.00 lakhs and for 1984-85 the allocation made is Rs.683.60 lakhs for the following schemes:

 

 

(Rs. Lakhs)

1.

Share capital contribution to Co-operative Sugar Factories

597.50

2.

Loans to Co-operative Sugar Factories for Sugarcane Development

50.00

3.

Purchase tax loans

5.00

4.

Loans to Co-operative Sugar Factories for payment of higher Sugarcane price

0.50

5.

Staff

30.00

 

 

683.00

 

Steel Plant at Visakhapatnam

The cost of acquisition of land for Visakhapatnam Steel Plant is borne by the Steel Plant authorities and the cost of acquisition for rehabilitation of affected families is borne by the State Government. It is proposed to set up 7 rehabilitation centres and to construct 8924 houses for displaced persons and for this purpose an outlay of Rs.100 lakhs is provided for 1984-85.

Non Resident Indian Investment Corporation

There is a proposal to make this Corporation a part of A.P.I.D.C. and therefore a provision of Rs.1.00 lakh only is made for 1984-85.

Modernisation of Rice Milling Industry and Establishment of Quality Control Cell

The Regional Extension Service Centre for Modern Rice Milling, Civil Supplies Department imports training to the rice millers in modern methods of rice milling. So for 9 Seminar cum-workshop was proposed to be organised at Srikakulam district. So far 4338 rice mills have been modernised as on 30-9-1982. In order to set up a laboratory to imparting practical training, equipments like Stake Rice whitening machine, Kyonn Auto Separator, Paddy Cleaner etc., are proposed to be procured. SIET Institute, Hyderabad have been asked to prepare a project report for establishment of a factory for manufacture of rubber rollers for use in modern Rice Mills.

Under the Government of India's huller subsidy scheme, it was proposed to modernise 225 Huller units, set up 15 demonstration units and conduct 10 seminars at an estimated cost of Rs.13.75 lakhs including the State Government's share of Rs.5.62 lakhs and the balance to be provided by the Central Government. A sum of Rs.14.00 lakhs is provided in the plan for 1984-85.

Mineral Development

For Mineral Development the allotment for 1983-84 is Rs.660 lakhs comprising of Rs.600.00 lakhs to Singareni Colleries, Rs.50.00 lakhs to Andhra Pradesh Mining Corporation and Rs.10.00 lakhs for other Mineral Development Scheme and same allocations are made for 1984-85 also.

Village and Small Industries

The allocation for Village and Small Industries in 1984-85 is Rs.1251.00 lakhs comprising of Rs.700.00 lakhs for Handlooms and Textiles, Rs.104.50 lakhs for Sericulture, Rs.100.00 lakhs for Khadi and Village Industries, Rs.77.00 lakhs for A.P.S.S.I.D.C., Rs.50.00 lakhs L.I.D.C.A.P. and Rs.219.50 lakhs for other small scale Industries . The provision under Handlooms contains an allocation of Rs.50.00 lakhs 5 towards State share for establishing of a Co-operative Spinning Mill at Parchur in the Growers sector. There is notable progress in the establishment of small scale industries during the last three years. Handloom industry also made significant strides in the State and the production is anticipated to have gone up from a level of 424 million metres to 550 million metres and the target for 1984-85 is 700 million metres.

The State Government have taken up a massive rural employment programme for the educated un-employed under the name `Gramodaya Programme'. Under this programme it is proposed to assist atleast one educated un-employed in each Revenue Village of the State. There are 27,221 Villages in Andhra Pradesh, keeping this in view, the quantum of extension work involved in successful implementation of this programme would demand the strengthening of field staff in the D.I.Cs. It is proposed to create atleast 181 posts of officers in the cadre of Extension Officers (Ind.) to be entrusted with the job of assisting and guiding and also to serve at a caretaker of the numerous industrial ventures to be promotes under Gramodaya Programme. Further, it is proposed to entrust atleast 60 to 70 schemes (Gramodaya ventures) to each of these new officers who would serve as "Gramodaya Officers". For creating these 181 new posts along with an attendant called `Sevaka', an amount of Rs.24.63 lakhs is provided in the State Plan 1984-85.

State Government proposed to start yet another Rural Development Agency called District Employment and Enterprise Development Agency (DEEPA) ;The objective of this new agency is mainly to co-ordinate, and channelise all the employment promotions and enterprise development activities of various agencies and funding channel like D.I.Cs., DRDA, Trysem etc. It is expected that `DEEPA' would help in optimum utilisation of the efforts of various agencies by providing effective beneficiary identification methods and also by avoiding `Deepa' in each district of the State under the Chairmanship of the District Collectors.

TRANSPORT AND COMMUNICATIONS

The allocation for Transport and Communications in 1984-85 is Rs.5159.00 lakhs as against the anticipated expenditure of Rs.4862.00 lakhs in 1983-84. Out of the allocation of Rs.5159.00 lakhs for 1984-85, Rs.82.00 lakhs, are for Minor Ports, Rs.1102.00 lakhs for P.W.D. Roads Rs.600.00 lakhs for Rural Roads, Rs.15.00 lakhs for Sugarcane Roads in Municipal areas, Rs.3335.00 lakhs for Road Transport and Rs.25.00 lakhs for Tourism.

Under P.W.D. Roads, the targets for 1984-85 are given below:

 

 

Kms.

1.

New formation of roads and missing links.

30

2.

Metalling.

90

3.

Strengthening and improving the road embankments

188

4.

Minor C.D. works

135 Nos.

5.

Minor Bridges

18 Nos.

6.

Major Bridges

2 Nos.

 

Under Rural Roads (M.N.P), it is programmed to connect 73 villages having a population of 1500 and above with all weather roads covering a length of 470 Kms.

For A.P.S.R.T.C., the allocation for 1983-84 is Rs.31.47 crores and this covers the State contribution of Rs.10.30 crores, L.I.C., contribution of Rs.1.93 crores and A.P.S.R.T.C., internal resources of Rs.19.24 crores. The corresponding allocation of the A.P.S.R.T.C., for 1984-85 is Rs.33.35 crores including State contribution of Rs.12.00 crores, L.I.C., contribution of Rs.2.12. crores and the A.P.S.R.T.C.'s internal resources of Rs.19.23 crores. In addition to the above outlay of Rs.33.35 crores the Corporation will get another Rs.22.65 crores from Government of India. I.D.B.I. loans etc and thus the total outlay available for Road Transport for 1984-85 will be Rs.56.00 crores and this will be utilised as follows:

 

Rs. crores

1. Purchase of 1500 buses.

48.00

2. Acquisition of land

1.00

3. Civil works

6.00

4. Purchase of Plant and machinery

1.00

56.00

 

GENERAL EDUCATION

Under School Education, the allocation for 1984-85 is Rs.2325.60 lakhs and out of this, Rs.100.00 lakhs are intended for vocationalisation programmes, Rs.1637.61 lakhs for Elementary Education, Rs. 392. 64 lakhs for Secondary Education, Rs. 76.05 lakhs for Teacher Training, Rs. 118. 80 lakhs for Direction and Administration and Rs. 0.50 lakh for other programmes. Under Elementary Education the target of additional enrolment of children in Classes I-VIII during 1984-85 also. During 1983-84, 16738 teachers posts were created and for their continuance a sum of Rs. 799.42 lakhs is provided in the plan for 1984- 85. There were already 4020 Non-Formal education centres started during 1979-80 and1980-81 and2760 such centres were opened in 1981-83. It is proposed to open 9660 more centres in 1983-84 and for their continuance, a sum of Rs.93.31 lakhs is provided in 1984-85 towards 50% State share. The provision of Rs.376.90 lakhs for Secondary Education is for continuing programmes and for creation of 250 B.Ed., Posts and 140 Language pandits grade-I in Secondary Schools for additional sections to be opened during 1984-85.

For Higher Education, the outlay provided for 1984-85 is Rs.1100.00 lakhs against the anticipated expenditure of Rs.947.78 lakhs in 1983-84 and it is intended for continuing schemes only like grant-in-aid to Universities etc.

Under Adult Education 4800 centres were opened in the first three years and 6600 centres are targeted for 1983-84 and for their continuance a sum of Rs.150.00 lakhs is provided in the plan for 1984-85 for covering 1.98 lakh adult illiterates.

The allocation for Youth Welfare has been stepped up from Rs.50.00lakhs in 1983-84 to Rs.105.00 lakhs in 1984-85 to provide separate allocation of Rs.50.00 lakhs for `Yuvasakhti' besides continuing the normal in 1984-85 are Rs.110.00 lakhs for Sports, Rs.18.00 lakhs to the Andhra Pradesh Text Book Press, Rs.7.00 lakhs to Jawahar Bal Bhavan and Rs.4.40 lakhs to Andhra Pradesh Science Centre.

Under Art and Culture, as against a provision of Rs.95.00 lakhs in 1983-84, a sum of Rs.100.00 lakhs is provided for 1984-85, out of which Rs.67.00 lakhs are for cultural activities, Rs.10.00 lakhs for Archaeology and Museums, Rs.10.00 lakhs to Oriental Manuscript Library Rs.10.00 lakhs to Public Libraries and Rs.3.00 lakhs for programmes of State Archives.

TECHNICAL EDUCATION

The allocation for Technical Education has been stepped up from the anticipated expenditure of Rs.106.00 lakhs in 1983-84 to Rs.364.00 lakhs in 1984-85 with a view to provide Rs.200.00 lakhs towards grant-in-aid to private un-aided Engineering Colleges and Polytechnics. The balance outlay is for continuing schemes and for new schemes of setting up of model residential polytechnic in the tribal areas at Paderu, a State wide institute of Pharmacy at Kurnool, a State wide institute of paper and pulp technology, a Government Women Polytechnic at Nellore and a Private Women Polytechnic in Rayalaseema region. The outlay for 1984-85 also includes, Rs.27.50lakhs for Sanjay Automobile Academy.

SCIENTIFIC SERVICES AND RESEARCH

The State Council on Science and Technology has been established in February, 1982 and it has an executive committee and eight sectoral panels for the formulation of suitable policies and programmes in the related areas for science and technology development. In the plan, for 1983-84 a sum of Rs.108.00 lakhs has been provided for various programmes. This has been increased to Rs.143.00 lakhs in 1984-85 to provide Rs.3.00 lakhs for State Science and Technology Council and Technical Secretariat, Rs.35.75 lakhs for R.& D. Programmes, Rs.28.00 lakhs for environmental programmes and rs.76.25 lakhs for new sources of energy.

HEALTH

The outlay for Medical and Health in 1984-85 is Rs.1800.00 lakhs as against the anticipated expenditure of Rs.1460.56 lakhs for 1983-84. The break up of the outlay for 1984-85 is Rs.650.00 lakhs for Modern Medicine, Rs.71.00 lakhs for Indian Medicine and Homeopathy, Rs.25.00 lakhs for Drugs control administration, and Rs.5.56lakhs for E.S.I. scheme. Under Public Health, the allocations are 46.20 lakhs for normal public health schemes, Rs.460.00 lakhs of State share on centrally sponsored schemes like Malaria, T.B. Filaria and Multipurpose workers scheme, Rs.500.24, lakhs under Minimum Needs Programme for establishment of Primary Health Centres, subsidiary health centres, sub-centres and upgradation of P.H.Cs. including buildings and Rs.42.00 lakhs for Institute of Preventive Medicine.

Under Modern Medicine, out of the allocation of Rs.650.00 lakhs, a sum of Rs.107.26 lakhs is provided for the Institute of Medical Sciences. In the remaining outlay of Rs.542.74 lakhs, a sum of Rs.369.27 lakhs is made for 151 continuing schemes, Rs.93.47 lakhs for 53 nw schemes and Rs.80.00 lakhs for construction of buildings. It is programmed to open 11 new dispensaries, 7 ten bedded hospitals, one five bedded hospital and to upgrade five taluk hospitals. Further bd strength, will be increased by 40 more beds in District Head Quarters Hospital, Nellore and 50 more beds in District Head Quarters Hospital, Adilabad. It is also proposed to provide Civil Surgeon Pediatricians in five District Head Quarters Hospitals and Dieticians in five District Head Quarters Hospitals. Under Teaching hospitals, 50 beds will be added in S.V.R.R. Hospital, Tirupathi and 100 beds in M.G.M. Hospital, Warangal.

Under normal Public Health Schemes, the new schemes proposed are expanding health education units vital statistics units, creation of D.M., & H.O. for Hyderabad Urban District and Assistant Personnel Officers for all the District Medical and Health Offices. Under Minimum Needs Programme, a sum of Rs.80.00 lakhs is set apart for P.H.C.s. and sub-centre buildings. In addition to the on-going schemes, the programme envisaged includes opening of 13 upgraded P.H.Cs. 5 new P.H.C.s and 50 subsidiary health centres.

URBAN WATER SUPPLY

Under Urban Water Supply, the provision made in 1984-85 is Rs.716.10 lakhs to Chief Engineer (P.H.) and Rs.887.90 lakhs to Hyderabad Metropolitan Water Works as against the anticipated expenditure in 1983-84 of Rs.700.00 lakhs to Chief Engineer (P.H.) and Rs.445.00 lakhs to Hyderabad Metropolitan Water Works.

Out of the allocation of Rs.716.10 lakhs to Chief Engineer ( P.H.) in 1984-85 a sum of Rs.613.10 lakhs is for water supply schemes in various Municipalities, Rs.100.00 lakhs for low cost sanitation schemes to provide pour-flush water seal latrines in 29 Municipalities and Rs.3.00 lakhs for training programmes. By the end of 1984-85,out of 84 Municipalities 79 will be provided with water supply facilities, besides the two corporations of Vijayawada and Visakhapatnam and two Municipalities of Ponnur and Jangaon where pilot water supply scheme are provided earlier, while the three schemes of Kagaznagar, Kothagudem and Kovvur Municipalities will spill over to Seventh Five Year Plan.

Under Hyderabad Metropolitan Water Works, the scheme-wise allocations made for 1984-85 are Rs.64.00 lakhs for Hyderabad Water Works, Rs.217.00 lakhs for Manjira Water supply and remodelling, Rs.548.00 lakhs for Manjira Water Supply phase-III(Singoor project), and Rs.58.30 lakhs for providing water supply to Hyderabad from Maneru and Srisailam.

For Andhra Pradesh State Board for Prevention and Control of Water Pollution, a sum of Rs.33.00 lakhs is made for 1984-85 against the provision of Rs.30.00 lakhs in 1983-84.

RURAL WATER SUPPLY

Out of 12,269 problem villages in the State, 4063 villages have been covered upto the beginning of the Sixth Five Year Plan period, leaving 8,206 problem villages to be covered during the Sixth Plan period. The Sixth Five-Year plan 1980-85 is aimed to cover at all 8206 problem villages having a population of 11695 thousands at a cost of Rs.11500.00 lakhs under State plan.

Apart from the State Plan allocation, and amount of Rs.1891.00 lakhs is also expected from Government of India, under A.R.P, to cover some more population over and above the 1971 census population of problem villages. During 1983-84 Government of India released an amount of Rs.261.75lakhs,so far against an indicated amount of Rs.561.88 lakhs.

Out of 8206 problem villages the coverage of problem villages was 487 in 1980-81, 2032 in 1981-82 and 2641 in 1982-83. Upto the end of November,1983,504problem villages were covered during the year 1983-84 as against a target of1478 problem villages.

An amount ofRs.1760.00 lakhs is provided from 1984-85 to cover 1458 problem villages. Apart from the Plan allocations an amount of Rs.52.64 lakhs from Government of India under A.R.P. is expected to cover 110 problem villages. Thus the total coverage will be 1568 problem villages in 1984-85.

The aim of the above coverage of problem villages will include completion of spill over works, completion of schemes sanctioned during the year and provision of all the spot sources in the listed villages with water supply.

RURAL SANITATION

The Sixth Plan 1980-85 is aimed to cover a population of 736 thousands with different types of latrines (individual as well as community latrines)at a cost of Rs.800.00 lakhs selecting the villages in consultation with District authorities. During 1983-84 a programme called "Vimukthi", programme was launched to liberate scavengers without any economic dislocation and to protect the privacy and dignity of women by way of constructing individual and community latrines and sum of Rs.226.00 lakhs was released out of the total allocation ofRs.227.00 lakhs for 1983-84. A population of 250 thousands is targeted to be covered with rural sanitation facility during 1983-84. During the year 1984-85 an amount of Rs.140.00 lakhs is provided for Rural Sanitation programme to cover a rural population of 154 thousands, keeping in view the possible proposals under special district schemes and the current assessment of the on-going programmes.

HOUSING

In the plan for1983-84, an outlay of Rs.6886.00 lakhs was provided for various Housing Programmes and the anticipated expenditure is Rs.6726.69 lakhs. Taking account of the actual requirements, the allocation made in 1984-85 is Rs.6687.00 lakhs.

From the year1956-57 till 1981-82, an amount of Rs.43.06 crores was spent for acquiring house sites for scheduled castes and other weaker sections of the society and 16,23,658 families have been provided with house sites. For the year 1983-84, a sum of Rs.18.00 crores is anticipated to be utilised for house sites for benefiting 2 lakh families. The same amount ofRs.18.00 crores is made for 1984-85 also for benefiting 2 lakhs more families. Under Weaker Sections Housing Programme a sum of Rs.40.00 crores has been made for each of the year 1983-84 and 1984-85 for construction of 1.40 lakh houses in1983-84 and 1.33 lakhs houses in 1984-85. In the plan for 1983-84, a sum of Rs.2.52 crore is provided for purchase of houses constructed by the A.P. Housing Board in tribal areas and in 1984-85, a sum of Rs.50.00 lakhs is provided for completion of these houses. The other provisions made in 1984-85 under housing are Rs.300.00lakjhs for Andhra Pradesh Housing Board, Rs.100.00 lakhs for H.U.D.A. Rs.169.00 lakhs for Urban Housing Schemes, Rs.57.00lakhs for Andhra Pradesh Housing Corporation, Rs.125.00 lakhs for Police Housing, Rs.50.00 lakhs for residential buildings, Rs.20.00 lakhs for Rental Housing andRs.16.00 lakhs to the Commissioner of Labour for Industrial Housing.

URBAN DEVELOPMENT

The allocation for Urban Development in 1984-85 is Rs.1707.00 lakhs against the current year's anticipated expenditure of Rs.1893.01 lakhs. For environmental improvment of slums the provisions made in 1984-85 isRs.708.00 lakhs for covering 2.71 lakh beneficiaries. A sum of Rs.223.00 lakhs is provided

towards state share for integrated development of small and medium towns . The other important allocations made in 1984-85 are Rs.122.65 lakhs to Special Officer, Municipal Corporation of Hyderabad for Twin-Cities improvement, Rs.100.00 lakhs to Quli-Qutub Shah U.D.A. for old city development, Rs.138.00 lakhs to H.U.D.A for Budha Poornima scheme etc, Rs.36.00 lakhs to Vijayawada Municipal Corporation, Rs.38.00 lakhs to Visakhapatnam Municipal Corporation Rs.76.00 lakhs for Amaravathiseema U.D.A. Rs.93.00 lakhs for Visakapatnam U.D.A, Rs. 43.00 lakhs for Kakatiya U.D.A and Rs.32.00 lakhs, for Tirupathi U.D.A.

LABOUR AND LABOUR WELFARE

The allocation under this head for 1984-85 is Rs.137.00lakhs as against the anticipated expenditure of Rs. 127.00 lakhs ion 1983-84.

Under craftsmen training scheme, out of a total outlay of Rs.64.35 lakhs for 1984-85 a sum of Rs.21.35 lakhs is provided for new schemes of introducing advanced vocational training system programme in six more Industrial Training Institutes, establishment of two field I.TIs at Guntakul, Patancheru, Utnoor, and Nagarjuna-sagar, introducing new courses in computer programming besides construction of buildings for existing I.T.I s and construction of hostels for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes During 1984-85 a sum of Rs.41.18 lakhs is provided to rehabilitate 2059 bonded labourers.

INFORMATION AND PUBLICITY

The outlay under this head for 1984-85 is Rs.296.00 lakhs as against Rs.272.00 lakhs in 1983-84. Out of this, Rs.96.00 lakhs are for Publicity Programmes and Rs.200.00 lakhs for Andhra Pradesh Film Development Corporation. The Programmes of the Corporation are Rs.86.00 lakhs for loans to Infrastructural units and Cinema Halls, Rs.26.00 lakhs grants to Auditoria Rs.8.28 lakhs for maintenance of field publicity vans and Rs.13.52 lakhs establishment charges. When the Corporation is later wound up, the above activities will be undertaken by the Department of Information and Public Relations.

WELFARE OF SCHEDULED CASTES

The allocation for Welfare of Scheduled Castes in 1984-85 is Rs.33.50 crores against the anticipated expenditure of Rs.29.46 crores for 1983-84. Highlights of some of the important schemes implemented in 1983-84 and programmes included in the budget for 1984-85 are given below:

Residential Schools for Scheduled Castes:- Under this programme Government have accorded sanction to open two residential schools in each district for Scheduled Castes students one for boys and another for girls, with a strength of 200 students in each adopting the pattern of reservations as applicable to the regular hostels. These schools shall be on the pattern similar to the Residential schools being run by the Education Department. The Collectors have been requested to identify locations and start immediately. Sufficient funds have already been placed at the disposal of the Collectors for the said purpose. The Collectors have already taken steps in this regard. So far, as per the reports received from the Collectors, locations have been selected in 18 districts and actually in three districts the schools have already been started. An amount of Rs.186.64 lakhs has been provided during 1983-84 for the opening of Residential Schools and Rs.300.00 lakhs for 1984-85.

Vimukthi Programmes - Under this programme, it is proposed to eliminate dry latrines and provide alternative employment to those engaged in unclean occupations. Under the scheme, it is proposed to utilise a total amount of Rs.22.00 lakhs through the Director of Municipal Administration.

A new scheme to provide better educational facilities to the children engaged in unclean occupations has also been introduced during this year. Under this programme, the children of persons engaged in unclean occupations are proposed to be provided with better hostel facilities and encouragement in the field of education. During the year 1983-84 it is proposed to utilise Rs.4.00 lakhs for the purpose. This will have a matching contribution of Rs.4.00 lakhs from the Government of India. For 1984-85, a sum of Rs.15.00 lakhs is provided towards State share.

Government Hostels:- There are 1831 Social Welfare Hostels for Scheduled Castes in prematric classes with a total strength of 2,10,572 boarders out of them 33 new hostels were sanctioned during the year 1983-84 with a strength of 100 boarders in each hostel. The diet charges in the hostels are Rs.85/- per month to each boarder. For the year 1983-84 a sum of Rs.761.36 lakhs was provided and for 1984-85, it has been stepped upto Rs.900.00 lakhs.

Construction of Hostel Buildings: A sum of Rs.3.50 crores is provided under Plan for construction of hostel buildings for the year 1983-84 out of which Rs.1.50 crores is earmarked towards matching contribution for Central share of Rs.1.50 crores which will be sanctioned by the Government of India under Centrally Sponsored Schemes for the construction of Girls Hostel buildings. 804 hostel buildings have been sanctioned against which construction of 470 buildings have been completed and the remaining are under construction at various stages.

An amount of Rs.3.50 crores under Plan and Rs.1.50 crores under Centrally Sponsored Scheme is provided for construction of hostel buildings for the year 1984-85 also.

Eradication of Untouchability:- This is an important measure undertaken by the Government to eradicate evil of untouchability prevailing among masses. A number of measures have been taken in this direction. Already Mobile Courts have been established in seven districts. The programme is under expansion and during the ensuing year 1984-85 it is proposed to spend Rs.60.00 lakhs under the programme of which Rs.30.00 lakhs would be given by the Government of India under Centrally Sponsored Schemes.

Andhra Pradesh Scheduled Castes Finance Corporation: - During 1983-84, 2.33 lakhs Scheduled Castes families will be covered by the Andhra Pradesh Scheduled Castes Finance Corporation with an outlay of Rs.8.16 crores of State share provided in the Plan. For 1984-85 also, State share of Rs.8.16 crores is provided for ShareCapital contribution to the Corporation for benefiting another 2.33 lakhs Scheduled Castes families.

WELFARE OF BACKWARD CLASSES

The outlay provided for Welfare of Backward Classes in 1984-85 is Rs.1480.00 lakhs as against the anticipated expenditure of Rs.1274.68 lakhs in 1983-84.

During the first three years of the Sixth Five Year Plan, 233 Government hostels were opened benefiting 12315 boarders. An amount of Rs.371.00 lakhs is provided from 1984-85 for continuing 233 hostels and also to bifurcate 100 hostels into 174 units and to open 100 more hostels. There are now about 602 hostels (including those opened prior to Sixth Plan) for Backward Class students and 32 ashrams school hostels for the children of fishermen and nomadic tribes being run by the Backward Classes Department. During the first three years of the Sixth Plan, 123 hostel buildings were constructed incurring an expenditure of Rs.70.00 lakhs. Construction of buildings for 137 more hostels has been taken up and they are at various stages of construction. During 1983-84, a sum of Rs.30.00 lakhs was provided to take up and complete 30 more buildings. An amount of Rs.14.00 lakhs is provided to supply nationalised Text books to 60,000 boarders.

There are about 23 lakh students studying prematric courses and a sum of Rs.100.00 lakhs is provided for 1984-85 to provide pre-matric non-residential scholarships to about 2,00,000 students under pre-matric non-residential scholarships also 27000 students will be provided scholarships as in the current year and for this purpose, a sum of Rs.366.00 lakhs is provided for 1984-85.

Under Economic Support Schemes, an amount of Rs.400.00 lakhs is provided for 1984-85 for investment in the Andhra Pradesh Backward Classes Co-operative Finance Corporation towards margin money to benefit about 80,000 backward class families.

WELFARE OF SCHEDULED TRIBES

The allocation for Welfare of Scheduled Tribes in 1984-85 is Rs. 870.00 lakhs against the anticipated expenditure of Rs.813.00 lakhs for 1983-84. Out of the allocation for 1984-85, Rs.609.75lakhs are for Education Schemes, Rs.237.50 lakhs for economic uplift schemes and Rs.22.75 lakhs for other development Schemes.

Under the `scheme supply of text book, note books and dresses' a sum of Rs.110.15 lakhs is provided to benefit 2,50,000 day scholars, hostliers and ashram school students, 25 students in Post-graduate classes in Engineering and Medicine will be provided book grants incurring an outlay of Rs.1.50 lakhs. Book grants will also be provided to 600 students in ITIs and Polytechnics and S.T. students of Engineering and Medical in Graduate classes will also be supplied Text Books worth Rs.4000/- each. Under pre-matric scholarships a sum of Rs.76.35 lakhs is provided to benefit 1,31,224 students. There are 110 Hostels with a strength of 6,688 boarders. During 1983-84 it is proposed to open 41 more hostels with a strength of 2,050 boarders and for continuing these 151 hostels, a sum of Rs.140 lakhs is provided in 1984-85. Under Ashram Schools, the provision made is Rs.94.25 lakhs for continuance of 35 Ashram schools and upgradation of most of the primary ashram schools in existence for more than 5 years into High Schools. A sum of Rs.60.00 lakhs is provided for construction of Ashram Schools and Hostel buildings for 216 on-going works and Rs.10.00 lakhs for construction of Polytechnic building at Paderu. Out of 93 girls hostels, 34 have buildings and 34 institution buildings are under construction. 24 Girl's Hostel buildings are taken up during 1983-84. This will clear the backlog, but ten more new Girls Hostel opened during1983-84 need buildings for which Rs.32,000 lakhs are required. Against this Rs.25.00 lakhs are provided as State's share in 1984-85 and an equal amount will be available Centrally Sponsored Schemes. In 1984-85, 5 Scheduled Tribes Girls Hostels will be opened with 50 seats each. A sum of Rs.60.00 lakhs is provided for Residential Schools. Under Economic Support Schemes, a sum of Rs.160.00 lakhs were provided to Andhra Pradesh Scheduled Tribes Co-operative Finance Corporation ( TRICOR) towards margin money to cover 50,000 Scheduled Tribes families under poverty line. The other important economic support schemes are Coffee plantation ( Rs.12.00 lakhs ) and rehabilitation of 1000 poor plain tribals ( Rs.25 lakhs).

Social Welfare

The allocation for Social Welfare in 1984-85 Rs.584.00 lakhs as against the anticipated expenditure of Rs.364.11 lakhs in 1984-85. This contains a provision of Rs.100.00 lakhs for opening and taking over of certain orphanages by Government besides Rs.192.61 lakhs for welfare of Physically handicapped, Rs.236.39 lakhs for Women and Child Welfare Programmes and Rs35.00 lakhs for old age pension scheme.

For Special Employment Schemes the anticipated expenditure in 1983-84 is Rs.385.00 lakhs and same amount is provided for 1984-85 also for continuance of the programmes sanctioned and implemented during the years 1982-83 to 1983-84 and also towards strengthening of SETWIN type of district societies for employment and training in all the districts.

Nutrition

In the budget for 1983-84, an outlay of Rs.56.00 crores was provided for Nutrition and against this the anticipated expenditure is Rs.51.90 crores. The provisions made for 1984-85 is Rs.35.40 crores. The major item under this Mid-day Meal Programme. Children reading in classes I to V and belonging to Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and also those children whose parental income is less than Rs.3000 per annum are covered under this programme. The scheme is being implemented in Government School and schools run by Panchayati Raj and Municipalities. Privately aided and un-aided and free levying schools are excluded. Food component is rice, dal and oils served on all working days. During 1983-84 about 40 lakhs children being covered under the Programme. Keeping in view the need to review the scheme to rationalize and improve the efficiency in its implementation, an allocation of Rs.33.00 crores is currently indicated for 1984-85.

Economic Services

Under this head, a provision of Rs.234.00 lakhs is made for 1984-85, as against the allocation of Rs.245.00 lakhs in 1983-84. The programme wise details of the allocation for 1984-85 are Rs.39.35 lakhs for research schemes, Rs.20.55 lakhs for Godavari Valley Development Authority, Rs.34.00 lakhs State Share for formulation of District Plans., Rs.58.00 lakhs for district Information System, Rs.0.60 lakh State's share for Traveling allowance and Office Expenses to the State development Board, 0.50 lakh to meet expenditure to hold meetings and other Office expenditure to coordinate the activities of various agencies for Ocean Development and Rs.5.00 lakhs towards Traveling Allowance and Office Expenses of the task force under 20 Point Economic

Programme and Pragathipadam. Besides Rs.71.00 lakhs are provided for continuing staff schemes of Bureau of Economics and Statistics and Rs.5.00 lakhs for Weights and Measures Department.

General Services

The allocation for Printing and Stationery 1983-84 is Rs.50.00 lakhs and the same amount is provided for 1984-85 also. However for public works buildings there is steep increase in 1984-85 to Rs.900.00 lakhs from the anticipated expenditure of Rs.325.00 lakhs in 1983-84 to provide among others. From Rs.350 lakhs for Office Complex for Heads of Departments, Rs.1000 lakhs for Secretariat Buildings, Rs. 100 lakhs for Police stations, Rs. 50 lakhs for Fire Stations, Rs.50 lakhs for Revenue administration buildings, Rs.36 lakhs for Court buildings and Rs. 40 lakhs for police office complex.

Special District Schemes

As already mentioned, a separate allocation of Rs.23.00 crores is made for the first time in the Annual Plan 1984-85 for crucial balancing investments of non-recurring nature for increasing effective use of capital assets at the rate of Rs.1.00 crore in each District. Approval of schemes for this purpose by the Government will be based on the advice of the State Development Board with reference to the Plans to be submitted by the Zilla Development Boards, keeping in view the objective of decentralizing the process of planning and making the concept of district planning a firm idea in the over all planning process.

 
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